Satsuma Ware

 

 

Satsuma Pottery of Japan


Satsuma plate


Satsuma ware originated when the Shimazu prince of the Satsuma domain in southern Kyūshū abducted skilled Korean potters after Toyotomi Hideyoshi's Japanese Invasions of Korea to establish a local pottery industry. 

 

 

Satsuma pottery dates back to the 16th century and is still produced today. This region in southern Japan is around the Kagoshima region. The distinguishing features of Satsuma ceramics are they have an ivory, creamy or off-white and sometime beige appearance. The pottery is then hand painted with brightly colored enamels, gold and silver, in fine, intricate designs with careful attention to detail. They typically feature scenes from Japanese life, animals, flowers or landscapes. Gods, Goddesses and dragons are also well represented. The design is then covered with a thin translucent glaze which deliberately ends up with a crackled finish.

The designs also feature a form of decoration called moriage, which is a term used to describe the use of raised enamel on the surface of Japanese Satsuma pottery which lends an added effect to the pieces.

Although the term can be used to describe a variety of types of pottery, the best known type of Satsuma ware has a soft, ivory-colored, crackled glaze with elaborate polychrome and gold decorations.  Similar to Staffordshire in England, the region of Satsuma became synonymous with the product, thus Satsuma ware was produced by a wide variety of artists and kilns over several centuries.

Although the glaze crackling ( called Kannyu ) make the ceramics look more antique in appearance, the effect was used more to give richness and depth to the colours.
The glaze was applied in thin layers and when heated sufficiently and cooled quickly, resulted in small hairline fractures that covered the entire surface.
The style and techniques of the Satsuma potters were highly admired and copied the world over. During the time that these original pieces were made, it was also popular for the potters to make small figurines of Japanese people. These were often caricatures of important people or of the Immortals, who also featured heavily in the decoration of the Satsuma pottery pieces. These figurines are highly sought after items due to the fact that they are rarely seen in the Japanese antiques markets.  There are many other Japanese statues and figures on sale all over the world, but only a handful of them are truly from the region that made the Satsuma name famous and valuable across the world.“Satsuma Gosu Blue” were also produced in very limited quantity in Kyoto in the mid-19th century, and is now the most sought after of the Satsuma wares.

 

 

Satsuma tea pot

 

In 1793, Hoshiyama Chubei and Kawahara Houkou who worked  at the Nagata Kiln at Katano in Satsuma went to Kyoto to learn techniques of Awata Ware  from Kinkozan Sobei III.
From the end of the eighteenth century, ceramics with highly detailed painted decoration in thickly applied gold and colors were being fired at the Naeshirogawa kiln . Typically floral, stylized and geometric patterns were employed. Shishi, dragons and phoenix designs were also frequently depicted. Landscapes and human figures did not appear until the middle of the nineteenth century. The ability to create shades of color was also developed during this period.

Originally Satsuma wares were made for the Japanese household and not for export before mid-nineteenth century. They tended to be small and included tea bowls (Chawan), water jars (Mizuzashi), incense burners (Koros), incense boxes (Kogos), and vessels for flower arrangement (Ikebana).

In 1867 the Shimazu family exhibited their wares at the Paris International Exposition. The wares were well accepted, and a substantial export market to the West became established through this exposition.

Interest in the humble art of the village potter was revived in a folk movement of the 1920s by such master potters as Shoji Hamada and Kawai Kajiro. These artists studied traditional glazing techniques to preserve native wares that were in danger of disappearing. Later the Satsuma style was also duplicated by the potters in Kyoto, Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, and Kanazawa. Stoneware and pure white porcelain were the favored mediums for Satsuma .

 

Satsuma plate

Square Satsuma plate

satsuma koro with ladies

 Satsuma Koro with Geisha

Satsuma vase Japan

Satsuma vase Japan

Satsuma long-neck vase

Antique Japanese Satsuma long-neck vase

Japanese gosu-blue tripod Satsuma vase

 Satsuma vase of baluster form - Meiji period

Japanese satsuma vase of baluster form Meiji,

Decorated withs mountainous scene, painted in enamels and gilt, the foreground with forests, lakes and waterfalls together with a palace and figures.

Signed: Satsuma yaki Choshuzan

Guest & Gray Antiques

 

Satsuma ware pottery vase

Satsuma Vase

Small Satsuma Dragon Teapot

 Satsuma Dragon Teapot

Satsuma tea set.

Satsuma Vase 2 Geishas

Satsuma Vase with two Geishas

Japanese dancing girl Satsuma vase

Japanese dancing girl Satsuma vase

Satsuma Vase

Satsuma Vase – height 38cm

Satsuma faceted vessel

Satsuma faceted vessel

Incense burner (koro), mid-17th century, signed Nonomura Ninsei, Kyoto, Japan.  | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Flower motif Satsuma vase

 Satsuma vase with flower motif

Meiji Period, 1868-1912 earthenware teapot

 Photo: Tony Cunha.

Paar-Satsuma-Vasen---Lot-891

Pair of Satsuma Vases

LARGE-ANTIQUE-JAPANESE-SATS

 Large antique Japanese Satsuma pottery covered jar.

Late 19th Century

Satsuma twin handled vase

Large Japanese Satsuma vase with gilt highlights and samurai scene.

( Nadeaus Auctions )

Satsuma Gyokuzan Dragonware Lidded Vase, Kyoto, Meiji

Satsuma Gyokuzan Dragonware Lidded Vase, Kyoto, Meiji

satsuma-jar Samurai battle scene

Satsuma lidded jar with Samurai battle scene

HP-Satsuma-Pottery-Vase

Hand painted Satsuma vase

Satsuma ware vessel

Japanese Satsuma vessel

Large Japanese Meiji Satsuma vase,19th-century

Large Japanese Meiji Satsuma pottery ovoid vase,19th-century

MONUMENTAL-SATSUMA-VASE

Monumental Satsuma vase

Satsuma-Japanese-Art-Pottery-Bowl--Thousand-Eyes-cup

Japanese Art Satsuma Thousand Eyes Cup

Japanese satsuma lidded jar

 Lidded jar – Satsuma Ware

Satsuma plate

Satsuma dish, Japan

Japanese early 20th century hand painted Satsuma vase

  Early 20th century hand painted Japanese Satsuma vase

Japanese Satsuma Teapot Meiji Period RubyLane

Satsuma Teapot Meiji Period with geisha motif

( RubyLane )

Japan Moriage Satsuma vase

Japan Moriage Satsuma vase

 

 

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6 Comments

  1. Posted September 30, 2011 at 5:21 pm | Permalink

    porcelain and ceramic forms which have very beautiful and legendary. I would love to collect some of them

  2. debbie vinson
    Posted November 10, 2014 at 7:16 pm | Permalink

    I have a beautiful satsuma immortal god tea service. Teapot creamer sugar bowl and four cups an saucers. Iam interested in selling them. They have been in my family for almost a hundred years. Make an offer. Reply to my email.

  3. Imogen Stott
    Posted August 9, 2015 at 7:27 am | Permalink

    Hi I have a full tea set painted by Hoshiyama, does anyone know how much this could be worth? Thankyou

  4. Jennifer Borgwardt
    Posted December 13, 2015 at 3:51 pm | Permalink

    I have a vase that is painted almost identical to the “Satsuma vase with flower motif” but the shape of the vase is different. There is a blue signature on the bottom of the vase. It belonged to my great grandma. How can I find out more information about it?

  5. Amanda
    Posted January 11, 2017 at 9:32 am | Permalink

    I have a vase similar to the Satsuma 38cm vase, how can I find out more about it,
    and if I need to insure it?

  6. Benazeth
    Posted January 18, 2017 at 12:26 am | Permalink

    Je possède une paire de vase satsuma + 1 pot lrs vases sont ressemblant à divinité gilt pour les personnages
    Signature japonaise bleu dessous et marquage made in Japan
    Comment savoir la valeur ?

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