Cubism – ceramic and sculpture

 

The conception of Cubism

 

A convergence of influences – from Paul Cézanne and Henri Rousseau, to archaic and tribal art encouraged Picasso around 1906 to pursue the Cubist style in which he deconstructed the conventions of perspectival space that had dominated painting since the Renaissance. A defining separation from the restraints of the classical arts with a  non imitative method of depicting the visual world was embraced by several artists in Paris. From 1907  to 1914,  interaction and collaboration occurred between Picasso and Georges Braque where they explored and developed cubist concepts. They presented a new reality in paintings that depicted radically fragmented objects, whose several sides were seen simultaneously. Multi perspectives from a singular sight point were demonstrated in their art, creating a visual warping that sometimes challenged the viewer to decipher what  form was being represented.

Cubism derived its name from remarks that were made by the painter Henri Matisse and the critic Louis Vauxcelles, who derisively described Braque’s 1908 work “Houses at L’Estaque” as composed of cubes.

These innovations would have far-reaching consequences for practically all of modern art, revolutionizing attitudes to the depiction of form in space. Picasso and Brancusi also adapted primitive art styles where the simple characteristics of an object were only depicted, leaving the viewer to fill in the gaps. The subconscious powers of intuitive perception were stimulated and encouraged.

 

 Picasso painting Walrobinson

Walrobinson – Pablo Picasso

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Georges Braque ,”Trees at L’Estaque”, 1908

Head Of A Woman -1909

Head Of A Woman – Pablo Picasso

1909

‘My greatest artistic emotions were aroused when the sublime beauty of the sculptures created by anonymous artists in Africa was suddenly revealed to me’ Picasso told the poet Apollinaire. This sculpture is of his companion Fernande Olivier. Its flat, planed surface relates the work to his cubist paintings of the same period. Picasso made two plaster casts of the head, from which at least sixteen bronze examples were cast.

 ” You can never exhaust the richness of this head. It is like a mountain range, a landscape. It is transformed every time you move your own head, walk around it. — This is one of the seminal works of cubism, and in the state that Picasso liked it best. He moulded Fernande’s head in clay, then made two plaster casts from which he authorised a series of bronzes. He never liked the bronzes as much as this raw plaster version. It is a key work in the development of cubism because it was the first time Picasso realised he could translate his new kind of painting into three dimensions. This is one of his paintings from that time given solid form.” -(Jonathan Jones, Head of a woman, The Guardian)

 

Picasso and Chicago

The 50ft cubist sculpture in Chicago’s Daly Plaza by Picasso.

 

 

Picasso’s monumental cubist sculpture was regarded as radical in its early years as most public art in large cities were calm and stoic and mainly depicted historical figures. They also weren’t constructed entirely of steel. At the unveiling in 1967, Mayor Daley proclaimed “We dedicate this celebrated work this morning with the belief that what is strange to us today will be familiar tomorrow.”  Picasso didn’t offer a name or meaning for his sculptural gift to Chicago, which probably added to the bewilderment. There was no rapturous applause at the unveiling but it went on to be a much loved icon in Chicago.

The quality of  Picasso’s sculpture inspired other artists such as Alexander Calder, Marc Chagall, Joan Miró, Claes Oldenburg and Henry Moore. And expanded  the acceptance of modern abstract art in public places.

 

 

Picasso Chicago

Unveiling of the “Picasso” in Daly Plaza, Chicago

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 Mademoiselle Pogany I by Constantin Brancusi at the JB Speed Art Museum Louisville, KY

A Brancusi aphorism - Simplicity is not an object of art, but one achieves simplicity despite one’s self, by entering into the real sense of things.

Romanaian Brancusi arrived in Paris in 1904 and became an influence in contemporary sculpture. Brancusi used extremely simple shapes and forms to express the essence of a form, similar to primitive art.

 ” When you see a fish you don’t think of its scales, do you? You think of its speed, its floating, flashing body seen through the water… If I made fins and eyes and scales, I would arrest its movement.  I want just the flash of its spirit. “

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Bottle and Glass on a Table  - Juan Gris

1914

More representations of cubism in ceramics and sculpture :

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“Hopscotch Woman” cubist female sculpture, bronze - Jim-Bass – American, 20thCentury

 

 

 

 

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 A  Hopi-Tewa bowl with abstract geometric design,  adapted from the ancient Sikyatki wares. 

 

 

 

 

 Pablo Picasso's Head of a Woman

 Pablo Picasso’s Head of a Woman

Halmstad, Sweden

 

 

 

Abstract water carrier Weinberg

Abstract water carrier brass sculpture by Frederick Weinberg from his Zodiac Series.

 

 

 

 

 

Andiles One Off Pieces 2

Andile Dyalvane - One Off  Pieces 2 from his Africasso series.

ZA

 

 

 

 

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 Henry Moore’s Reclining Woman: Elbow sculpture

The  7ft 3in long iconic bronze figure – completed in 1981 -being taken off its plinth to be loaned to the Rijksmuseum gallery in Amsterdam for a major exhibition of the artist’s work.

 

 

 

 

Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth

Charles Cotteau cubist vase.

Charles Cotteau cubist vase.

 

 

 

 

Figural Abstract Studio Charger

Figural Cubist Studio Charger

Attributed to Polia Pillin

Vase painted by Chantal Roman Vals

Vase painted by Chantal Roman Vals

 

 

 

 

Gary Schmidt

Gary Schmidt

Michael Wein - stoneware vessel

Michael Wein

 

Marcello Fantoni vase

Marcello Fantoni vase

 

 

 

 

 

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 Jacques Lipchitz’s “Song of the Vowels”

(1931-32)

Andrea Gill  earthenware vase

Andrea Gill earthenware vase

 

 

 

 

Joan Miro's Moonbird sculpture

Joan Miro’s Moonbird sculpture

 

 

 

 

Kurt Weiser

Kurt Weiser

 

 

 

 

Lipchitz

Jacques Lipchitz

 

 

 

 

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark

Henry Moore sculpture – Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark

 

 

 

 

Mid-century Modern Abstract

Mid-century Cubist Abstract Wall Sculpture  - c1960-1970 – Unsigned

( Ruby Lane )

Wedgwood Clarice Cliff cubist vase

Wedgwood / Clarice Cliff cubist yo-yo Mondrian vase

Tony Laverick bowl

Tony Laverick bowl

 

 

 

 

Modernistic Cubist Longwy charger

Modernistic Cubist Longwy charger

 

 

 

 

Henry Moore - King and Queen

 ‘King and Queen’  outdoor sculpture - Henry Moore

 

 

 

 

Papuan Gulf skull rack

Papuan Gulf Agiba

Ceramic sculpture Roger Capron

Ceramic cubist sculpture – Roger Capron, Vallauris

 

 

 

 

 

Joan Miro charger

Joan Miro charger

 

 

 

 

Picasso esque ceramic wall panel

Picasso esque ceramic wall panel

Deux-te^tes-a`-la-main - Mark Chagall

Two Heads One Hand, 1964,  - Mark Chagall

 

Joseph CSAKY - Testa - 1914

Joseph CSAKY – Testa

1914

 

 

 

Picasso Womans Face vase

 Womans Face vase – Sweden

 

 

 

 

Pulley -Classic-Venus,-2011

Pulley – Classic Venus – 2011

 

 

 

 

Roger Capron demoiselle

Roger Capron demoiselle

 

 

 

 

Sculpture Bernhard Heiliger

Sculpture Bernhard Heiliger

 

 

 

The-Head -Port Veil Barcelona

The Head – Port Veil, Barcelona

A large sculpture by American artist Roy Lichtenstein created in collaboration with sculptor Extremadura Rajado Diego Delgado.

It was completed in 1992 for the Olympic Games held in the same year in Barcelona . The statue is located on the waterfront at Maremagnumu.

 

 

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Tolla- Another Existential Question

 

 

 

 

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“Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth.” – Pablo Picasso

 

 

 

 

Peter Hayes Sculpt Gallery

Square Head –  Peter Hayes – Sculpt Gallery

 

 

 

 

Picasso Sculpture, Federal Building Chicago

“Flamingo,” a 54-foot tall red steel sculpture by Alexander Calder

Federal Building, Chicago, Illinois. USA

 

 

 

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Large Songye, kifwebe mask

 

 

 18inch Vintage cubist Pottery

 

18 inch tall Vintage Cubist Art Pottery – unsigned

( ebay )

Henry Moore sculpture UK

A sculpture by Henry Moore in the gardens of Dartington Hall in Devon, England

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Finned vase – signed O.Roy

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