Gardens with sculpture

 

Flickriver--mharrsch-s-photos-Reflection-Garden-at-the-Jordan-Schnitzer-Museum-of-Art - kneeling statue by pool

Reflection Garden at the Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art

University of Oregon

 

The evolution of decorative and garden sculpture in ancient Greece.

 

The most radical transformation of sculptural art for mainstream decoration occurred in ancient Greece. The earliest incarnation of Greek sculpture was in the form of wooden cult statues, where they were used as objects of veneration. The first piece of Greek statuary to be reassembled was the Lefkandi Centaur, a terra cotta sculpture found on the island of Euboea, dated c. 920 BCE. It is the earliest known depiction of myth in the history of Greek sculpture.

The artistic endeavour of early Greek sculpture was centered around the human form, as they viewed their Gods as having a human form and there was no distinction between the sacred and the secular in art—the human body was both secular and sacred. The forms from the geometrical period (c. 900 to c. 700 BCE) were chiefly terra cotta figurines, bronzes, and ivories. Typical works of the era included statues depicting the gods and heroes of Greece, which were displayed in their temples and public places. The Greeks did not produce sculpture merely for artistic display. Statues were commissioned either by aristocratic individuals or by the state, and used for public memorials, as offerings to temples, oracles and sanctuaries.  Sculptures in limestone and marble, terra cotta, bronze, wood, and rarer metals, both free-standing and in relief were produced and the creation of life-sized statues began to occur at about 650 BC. During the Early Archaic period, c. 660–580 BCE, inspired by the monumental stone sculptures of Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Greeks started carving free standing stone statues, but the forms were more dynamic. Some of the the figures were also given a more distinctive human characteristic by giving them smiles. Also around this time new Greek colonies were established and became widespread, and arose in places including southern Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, the southern French coast, the eastern Spanish coast, the coast of the Black Sea, and Cyprus, among others. The art was naturally exported too.

Statues in the Archaic period ( 800Bc to 480BC ) were not all intended to represent specific individuals. They were depictions of an ideal—beauty, piety, honor or sacrifice. The sculptures in the Archaic and Geometrical periods were centered upon the works themselves, and seldom, if ever, on the sculptors. During the Classical period from about 500 BCE, Greek statues began increasingly to depict real people, as opposed to vague interpretations of myth or entirely fictional votive statues, although the style in which they were represented had not yet developed into a realistic form of portraiture. Public memorials representing real people began to appear. It was during the Classical Period that an increase in the use of statues and sculptures as decorations of buildings and gardens was witnessed.

 

Isis_Musei Capitolini_Roman-Isis holding a sistrum and oinochoe and wearing a garment tied-with-a-characteristic-knot

 Roman Isis holding a sistrum and oinochoe and wearing a garment tied with a characteristic knot

Musei Capitolini, Rome

 

An increasing shift towards naturalism occurred during the Hellenistic period in the 4th century BCE, where common people, women, children, animals, and domestic scenes became acceptable subjects for sculpture, which was commissioned by wealthy families for the adornment of their homes and gardens. The statues also became more expressive and dynamic as the sculptural art became more widely adopted. There were new Hellenistic cities springing up in Egypt, Syria, and Anatolia which required statues and this made sculpture, like pottery, an industry. By the 2nd century BCE, the rising power of Rome had also absorbed much of the Greek art and tradition. The legacy of Greek sculptural art has remained an ongoing, dynamic cultural force ever since.

 

The Castlestrange stone,-County Roscommon---dating-from-the-Iron Age period between 500 BC and 100-AD

The Castlestrange stone,- County Roscommon, Ireland

This stone curiously has a continental influence in the style of its carving.

Iron Age period between 500 BC and 100 AD

 

Modern sculptures in garden locations.

 

Nature is blessed with so many intrinsic sculptural forms, so viewing sculptures in a natural setting always looks symbiotic.

 

 

Bernard Hosey outdoor sphere sculpture

 Bernard Hosey sphere sculpture

 

 

Netherlands sculpture by Eddy-Roos A bronze sculpture of a couple kissing on a ball

“Beelden en tekeningen” by Eddy Roos, Netherlands

 

 

 

artpark_sculpture_Ben Greenwood Spaniel in_ Fight Dog sculpture in garden

‘Spaniel in Fight’ – Ben Greenwood

 

 

artpark_sculpture_Brendan Hesmondhalgh - Gannet bird sculpture

Brendan Hesmondhalgh – ‘Gannet’

 

 

 

artpark_sculpture Francony Kowalski The Spring colourful statue of a standing woman

Francony Kowalski –  ‘The Spring’

 

 

artpark_sculpture Ginger Gilmour - Seated Angel  winged angel with closed eyes sitting in garden

Ginger Gilmour – ‘Seated Angel’

 

 statue_of_lady_and_lion_by_lomnom

Statue of a lady seated on a lion

LomNom – deviantart

 

artpark_sculpture Irakli Zhvania Mucisians Sculpture of musicians performing in a fountain

Irakli Zhvania – ‘Musicians’

artparks.co.uk

 

 

artpark_sculpture Jens Ingvard Hansen - World Wide Widex Chrome finish abstract sculpture

  ‘World Wide Widex’ – Jens Ingvard Hansen

 

 

artpark_sculpture John Huggins Caprice kneeling nude girl

Contemporary British Sculptor John Huggins – ‘Caprice’

ArtParkS Sculpture Park – Bringing Sculpture into the Open

The Sculpture garden exhibition physically displays between 90 and 200 pieces of sculpture, by around 50 different international and british sculptors, which are on display in the sub-tropical gardens of Sausmarez Manor in the form of a sculpture trail. 1150+ for sale sculpture are displayed on the website.

 

 

artpark_sculpture John Huggins Maltese Goddess

John Huggins ‘Maltese Goddess’

 

 

b3a8d15812816bd83d81cad7317

 Angel sculpture in hydrangeas

Photography Joseph De Sciose

 

 

sculpture-1928-by-Raymond Delamarre-represents-Perseus and Andromeda

 Art Deco sculpture ‘Perseus and Andromeda’ by Raymond Delamarre

Mounted on his horse Pegasus, Perseus delivers Andromeda from the sea monster about to devour her.

1928

Entrance of the stadium Léo Lagrange, the Pyramid Highway, opposite the Parc Floral de Vincennes.

 

 

 

Baby Clanger-sculpture,-Bergh Apton sculpture trail Norfolk

 Baby Clanger sculpture

Bergh Apton sculpture trail Norfolk, UK

Moominpappa06 – Flickr

 

 

 

Barbara Hepworth's Garden, St-Ives-daveserjeant on Flickr abstract sulpture black and teal

Barbara Hepworth’s Garden, St-Ives

daveserjeant on Flickr

 

 

 

Benson-Sculpture-Park-in-Loveland

‘Duet’ – Jeff K Laing

Sculpture garden — Benson Park, Loveland, CO

2009

 

Tom Frantzen Belgium sculptor    Three hares riding snails

Tom Frantzen Belgium sculptor

 

 

Briony Lawson  abstract garden sculptures

Briony Lawson

 

 

 

Diane in the fog-from Ted Glasgow-at-Fans-of Biltmore House

Diana, the Roman goddess of the hunt – Biltmore House. USA

 

 

Emma Stothard---Sculptor--Willow-Sculpture-and-Wire-Sculpture---North-Yorkshire,-UK

Emma Stothard – Willow and Wire Sculpture

North-Yorkshire,-UK

 

 

 

Isabella-Stewart-Gardner-Museum--Courtyard

The courtyard of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Boston museum, which opened in 1903 and was modeled on the Renaissance palaces of Venice.

Among the artists represented in the galleries are Titian, Rembrandt, Michelangelo, Raphael, Botticelli, Manet, Degas, Whistler and Sargent.

 

 

 

Found-on-clutteredgypsy-tumblr

Peryton at the fountain of Linlithgow Palace, Scotland

 

 

 

Found-on-millennialliving-com

The English Garden’s Burnett Fountain depicting Dickon and Mary from Francis Hodgson Burnett’s book “The Secret Garden”

Conservatory Garden, Central Park, NY –  opened 1937

 

 

 

 Monument in Right Feet Major---Todi Kurtzman large sculpture in park

 ‘Monument in Right Feet Major’ — Todji Kurtzman

Benson Sculpture Park, Colorado

 

 

yorkhsegdns2

 Italian Figure Sculpture in York House Garden, Twickenham by Oscar Spalmach

http://www.speel.me.uk/

 

 

French landscape architects Claude Pasquer & Corinne Julhiet Detroyat-Lake Como 2014-Orticolaria,-a-horticultural-fair-on-Lake-Como

Orticolaria –  Lake Como, Italy 2014

A biodiversity sculpture for a garden ! A topiaire including insects hotel…for the first time at Villa Erba, Italy, during ORTICOLARIO, international Gardens Festival

French landscape architects Claude Pasquer & Corinne Julhiet Detroyat

http://www.lamoliere.fr

 

 

 

H.R Gigir surrealist Swiss sculptor

H.R Giger

 

 

Japanese-ceramic-art-by-Jun-Kaneko-by-Faux-Photography

 Monumental ceramic sculpture – Jun Kaneko

Faux-Photography

 

 

 

Jiménez Deredia_-sculptures Abstract sculpture of two seated women

Jiménez Deredia

 

 

Légende de Saint Grat'-Pierre Castillou, 2007---Oloron Sainte Marie

‘Légende de Saint Grat’ – Pierre Castillou,

2007, Oloron Sainte Marie

 

 

 

Limo-Aiden,-nymphs-of-flowers,-plants-and-pastures

 Van de Bergh Hanneke

 

 

Kuan-Yin,-goddess-of-compassion

 Kuan Yin  – Kuan means earth, Yin means feminine essence

 

 

 

Loughcrew-garden-sculpture

 Sculpture in Loughcrew Gardens, County Meath, Irelqnd

 

 

 

Standing-NudeNelli-Bar

 

Standing Nude – Nelli Bar ( American, born Cologne Germany )

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

 

 

 

Oiseaux-des-Tuileries-by-pierrepaul43-on-Flickr-(cc) abstrct sculpture in the park

‘Oiseaux des Tuileries’

pierrepaul43 on flickr

 

 

Ringo-Starr-in-garden-dedicated-to-George-Harrison

Garden dedicated to George Harrison

 Chelsea Flower Show

 

 

 

sculpture_artwork_Anon of the Orient_Nude with urn Standing nude lady carrying urn

Anon of the Orient – ‘Nude with urn’

 

 

sculpture_artwork Edwin Russell - Leaping Dolphins__bronze_resin_fish_sculptures

Edwin Russell – ‘Leaping Dolphins’

ArtParkS Sculpture Park – Bringing Sculpture into the Open

The Sculpture garden exhibition physically displays between 90 and 200 pieces of sculpture, by around 50 different international and british sculptors, which are on display in the sub-tropical gardens of Sausmarez Manor in the form of a sculpture trail. 1150+ for sale sculpture are displayed on the website.

 

Statue-by-Fernando Silveira

Fernando Silveira

 

 

 

Henry Moore The Goslar Warrior'-(1975)-Sculpture-Goslar-Germany

 Henry Moore  – The Goslar Warrior’

Goslar, Germany

photo 

 

 

The-Snail-(Fun-garden-Semi-abstract-nude-sculptures)'Vera-Viglina

 Sea shell sculpture by artist Vera Viglina titled: ‘The Snail’

 

 

 

Dark-beings-hidden-behind-their-'maschera-nobile'-Venetian

 “Serenissima” – Phillip Jackson – “maschera nobile” venecianas.

 

 

 

yinka-shoni bare-MBE

Outdoor sculpture by African artist Yinka Shonibare

Yorkshire Sculpture Park, UK

 

Blue Birds by the Babbling Brook-with-rose-petals by Sarah Cox

 Blue Birds Babbling Brook Fountain – Sarah Cox, UK

 

 

 

tom-frantzen

‘The Congo I presume’  – Tom Frantzen

1997, Tervuren Africa museum, Belgium

 

 

Jens-Ingvard-Hansen.-Otolith abstract garden sculpture

 Jens Ingvard Hansen – ‘Otolih’

Artpark Sculpture

 

 

Marino Marini,-Cavaliere-(Horseman)   circa-1949 - Minneapolis Gardens

Marino Marini, Cavaliere (Horseman)   circa 1949

Minneapolis Sculpture Gardens

 

 

 

 

moon-stone-1

Moon stone

Located near Penzance in the west Cornish moors is the unique and enigmatic Men-an-Tol stone

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

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2 Comments

  1. Gladys
    Posted May 31, 2017 at 12:19 pm | Permalink

    Is any of this for sale?

  2. Posted July 28, 2017 at 12:31 am | Permalink

    Thanks for the interesting read on sculptures and gardens. It’s really interesting that sculptures of women, children, and animals became more acceptable in the 4th century BCE. To be honest, it would be really interesting to see what some of the first sculptures were like, and watch how they transformed over time.

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